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The Talmud ~ Illustrated Joseph Barclay

The Talmud ~ Illustrated

Joseph Barclay

Published August 27th 2010
ISBN :
Kindle Edition
442 pages
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 About the Book 

With illustrations and plans of the TempleThe Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd instruction, learning, from a root lmd teach, study) is a central text of mainstream Judaism, in the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law,MoreWith illustrations and plans of the TempleThe Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd instruction, learning, from a root lmd teach, study) is a central text of mainstream Judaism, in the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.The Talmud has two components: the Mishnah (c. 200 CE), the first written compendium of Judaisms Oral Law- and the Gemara (c. 500 CE), a discussion of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Tanakh.The terms Talmud and Gemara are often used interchangeably. The Gemara is the basis for all codes of rabbinic law and is much quoted in other rabbinic literature. The whole Talmud is also traditionally referred to as Shas (שס), a Hebrew abbreviation of shisha sedarim, the six orders of the Mishnah.Originally, Jewish scholarship was oral. Rabbis expounded and debated the law (the written law expressed in the Hebrew Bible) and discussed the Tanakh without the benefit of written works (other than the Biblical books themselves), though some may have made private notes (megillot setarim), for example of court decisions. This situation changed drastically, however, mainly as the result of the destruction of the Jewish commonwealth in the year 70 CE and the consequent upheaval of Jewish social and legal norms. As the Rabbis were required to face a new reality—mainly Judaism without a Temple (to serve as the center of teaching and study) and Judea without autonomy—there was a flurry of legal discourse and the old system of oral scholarship could not be maintained. It is during this period that Rabbinic discourse began to be recorded in writing.[1][2] The earliest recorded oral law may have been of the midrashic form, in which halakhic discussion is structured as exegetical commentary on the Pentateuch. But an alternative form, organized by subject matter instead of by biblical verse, became dominant about the year 200 C.E., when Rabbi Judah haNasi redacted the Mishnah (משנה).The Oral Law was far from monolithic- rather, it varied among various schools. The most famous two were the School of Shammai and the School of Hillel. In general, all valid opinions, even the non-normative ones, were recorded in the Talmud.For more titles like this, type “dreamz-work” into the search field or visit http://dreamz-work.com